Les Innocentes

Les Innocentes

les_innocentes

Director: Anne Fontaine

Writer: Pascal Bonitzer

Les Innocentes isn’t an easy film to watch, but it touches on something so honest and true and forgotten–and that is rape during and after wartime.

Rape and war go hand-in-hand. And, no, that doesn’t only apply to the “enemy,” whoever the “enemy” is to you. Every military is guilty of rape. But when we discuss the costs of war–the money, the resources, the life (all of which are important things to discuss)–we tend to skip over the heavy occurrence of rape.

It’s not surprising, given our overall cultural climate of rape acceptance and rape doubt. You’d be hard-pressed to find someone who literally says, “Rape? Who cares?” But, that is in essence what we say when we doubt rape reports, blame the victim, worry about the impact a sentence will have on a convicted rapist’s well-being, and teach women from a young age that it is their duty to prevent rape.

Les Innocentes takes place in Poland post-WWII and is based on actual events. A female doctor with the French Red Cross is shown to a convent (in secret) where she finds at least seven nuns are pregnant. Months prior, Russian soldiers had invaded the convent and raped the nuns. As a result, many were pregnant and all were living in trauma.

The nuns ask the doctor to help with pre-natal care and deliver the babies when they’re due, but all in secret–if the local community found out nuns were pregnant it would be the end of the convent.

Besides being a film that meets the standards for a quality and good movie, it is important because it discusses an experience that is uniquely feminine. Men certainly are raped, and that is a vital topic for discussion. However, when women are raped a resulting pregnancy is something that seems to be only discussed in hushed voices, or in the context of ludicrous unscientific claims that a “true rape” won’t result in pregnancy.

This film accomplishes much in the way of storytelling, acting, directing, and costume. But for me, the most important part of this movie is that it brought out of the shadows a topic we can’t afford to ignore. War and rape travel together, and pregnancy certainly follows. It is dark and it continues today. Bringing that darkness to light, however, can help to change the culture and sever the ties that bind war and rape.

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Rape as a Plot Device

The_Gift_2015_Film_Poster1I just saw the new movie The Gift. In short, I detest it. I thought it was entertaining and decently startling for a thriller but the ending completely ruined it for me. Why? Because the oh-so-clever writers thought the best way to end the film was with rape as a plot device.

For anyone interested in seeing this movie, just know I am about to completely ruin it with spoilers, so beware. To start we have a husband and wife who move into a new home and shortly after encounter someone from the husband’s past. As it turns out, the husband was a horrendous bully in high school and this person was his victim. The lesson of this film is: Don’t be a bully because your victim might show up later in life and rape your wife. That is the short explanation of what happens in this movie. There is ambiguity as to whether or not a full blown rape occurred, but the wife is drugged and certainly violated. She later has a baby and there is a question of if the child is her husband’s or her husband’s former victim.

This is disgusting on many levels. First, the assumed rape and question of the paternity of the child is presented as something done to the husband, not the wife. Revenge is taken on the spouse of the bully but portrayed as revenge on the bully himself.

Second, rape in a story is another way to put women and the female characters we play in the role of victim, property, damsel in distress, object, etc. Are there stories wherein rape is an essential part of the tale and in which the inclusion of such a storyline is presented tastefully and respectfully? Sure. But in the case of The Gift and many other movies, rape is just a cheap and easy way to put female characters in their place. It’s a crass device that often depicts women as powerful only if they were violated and thus angered enough to become powerful, instead of being powerful in their own right. And in the case of The Gift it is a way to hurt the man in the story–never mind that it was the woman who was violated.

As for skill in writing, using rape as a plot device is just plain lazy. It isn’t creative, it lacks depth. It’s an easy way out.

As a woman who loves film, I tire of this kind of storytelling. I want to see movies with female characters who are dynamic and interesting. Characters who move in the story for their own purposes instead of merely for the benefit of or consumption by the male characters. I want to see writing that Is excellent and equitable.

Besides the twisted inclusion of rape in The Gift, the relationship between husband and wife is one of manipulation, lies, paternalism, and more bullying. It is a stale depiction of husband as commander and wife as subservient. For every film with what I might call a female character with depth, there are countless other films where women are mere props, objectified and seen only through the lens of men.

There is no excuse for this kind of writing. And yet, it persists. It is so common and accepted that when a woman is raped on screen, it isn’t really questioned. There seems to be a subconscious attitude that says, “Of course, of course. It makes sense she is being raped because she is a woman. What else could happen?” People aren’t necessarily going around saying this aloud. However, the presence of rape and objectification is so commonplace, it must be accepted on some level by viewers and writers alike. Why else would it be so prevalent, and without outcry from editors, directors, producers, viewers?

The change can happen but it must start with us: writers, viewers, directors, all of us. It is unacceptable to continue these kinds of representations in film. So let’s make the change.

Mad Max: Fury Road

I’m breaking from my typical review format with Mad Max: Fury Road because this film is an all around different beast of a movie.

I think the first priority is to give a shoutout to my boy Marcus (also known as Nicholas Hoult). To “About A Boy” fans, watching little Marcus grow from the adorable awkward little kid he was into a truly superb actor is a great experience. Just look at how far he has come:

Nicholas Hoult as Marcus in 2002's About A Boy.

Nicholas Hoult as Marcus in 2002’s About A Boy.

Nicholas Hoult in Mad Max: Fury Road

Nicholas Hoult in Mad Max: Fury Road

You go, Nicholas Hoult.

Moving on.

As of my writing this, “Mad Max: Fury Road” has brought in $24.6 million. This is significant because it is arguable that “Max Max: Fury Road” is a women’s liberation smash hit. This is a Hollywood movie wherein the major plot line is liberating a group of women from being “breeders,” or in other words sex slaves. And who headed this liberation? A kick-ass woman named Imperator Furiosa played by Charlize Theron. For a movie coming out of Hollywood, this is a big deal.

MM-Main-Poster“Mad Max: Fury Road” wasn’t without its flaws in terms of female representation. The “breeders” were scantily clad, making them appear as eye candy. This kind of costume design is not only lacking in creativity, it is troublesome because women are more likely than men to appear in movies naked or nearly naked. This inequality can lead to female objectification and feeds rape culture, as well as the notion that women in film are there merely to look a certain way and appeal to the male gaze.

However, in the case of “Mad Max,” these scantily clad sex slaves didn’t just sit around waiting for Mad Max and Furiosa to save the day. They helped create their own destinies. Watching the movie I was taken aback by this. From the trailer, Charlize Theron looked like a great character but Hollywood is so terrible at female representation and portrayal that I was shocked to see a group of women fighting for their own lives instead of waiting for other people to save their lives for them.

And that’s not all.

“Mad Max” also included a group of older women who helped with the rescue. They were smart, strong, and badass. The only downside was additional female nudity portrayed as a trap (it was unclear for whom the trap was set). I did not find this nudity necessary so I think it only added to the inequality in film.

“Mad Max” has some typical Hollywood issues in terms of female representation. There were some cheesy and unbelievable moments, such as when faced with an entire harem of armed women a metal-masked and chained Mad Max still managed to beat them in a fight. That was utter nonsense. But, overall I think “Mad Max” was a win for women in Hollywood.

Furiosa is fantastic. All female characters fought for their own and had depth. “Mad Max: Fury Road” is primarily female driven, despite the title implying it is about a man. Overall it wasn’t my favorite movie. But in terms of a step forward for women in film, I think “Mad Max: Fury Road” is a vital addition to Hollywood’s repertoire.